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Team

Thijs Spoor, President

Mr. Spoor was previously President, Chief Executive Officer and a member of the board of directors of Fluoropharma Medical, Inc. from February 14, 2011 until December 31, 2015.  Mr. Spoor was the CFO for Sunstone BioSciences, a nanotechnology firm and as a strategy consultant at Oliver Wyman working with biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and health insurance companies. Mr. Spoor was an equity research analyst at J.P. Morgan and Credit Suisse covering the biotechnology and medical device industries. Prior to his career on Wall Street, Mr. Spoor worked in the pharmaceutical industry spending 11 years with Amersham /GE Healthcare where he worked in 7 countries in a variety of commercial and strategy roles.  Mr. Spoor holds a Pharmacy degree from the University of Toronto as well as an M.B.A. from Columbia University with concentrations in finance and accounting.


Daniel Dupret, PhD, Chief Scientific Officer 

Dr. Dupret joins after serving as President of ProteaBio Europe, a wholly-owned European subsidiary of Protea Biosciences. He joined Protea Biosciences in October 2008 to launch and manage ProteaBio Europe. Previously, Daniel founded Proteus SA in 1998 and served as its President and CEO from 1998 to 2007. He founded Appligene SA in 1985 and served as CSO, President, and CEO, respectively, until 1998. From 1982 to 1985, he served as Project Leader at Transgene SA. In parallel to his Biotechnology career, Mr. Dupret was an expert for the French government and the European commission in grant commission and funding of young biotech companies. From 2003 to 2007, he served as President of the Board of the University of Nîmes. Dr. Dupret received his PhD. at the Medical University of Strasbourg.


Martin Krusin, Vice President for Finance and Business Development

Mr. Krusin is an experienced executive with over 15 years of business development, strategic marketing, financing and operating experience in the healthcare, financial services, and consulting sectors. Prior to joining AzurRx BioPharma as VP for Business Development  in 2012, Mr. Krusin was Director of Business Development at Clewed (a business services and investment partnership); an Experienced Commercial Leader at GE Capital in its Global Sponsor Finance, Healthcare Financial Services, and Capital Solutions units; Vice President of Marketing & Sales and Director of Business Development at Electro-Optical Sciences (now MelaSciences); and an analyst in the Emerging Markets Strategic Planning Group at Citigroup. Mr. Krusin received a MBA from Columbia Business School in finance and marketing, a MPhil. in political economy from Oxford University, and a BA in international relations from Swarthmore College.


Philippe Jais, MD, PhD, Director of Medical Research and Translational Medicine 

Dr. Jais joined ProteaBio as Director of Medical Research and Translational Medicine in October 2012. Philippe has +15 years’ experience in clinical development, Translational Medicine and Hepato-Gastroenterology. From 2011 to 2012 he served as Global Clinical Development Leader at LFB Biotechnology. In 2010, held the position of Scientific Director at Hoffmann-LaRoche. From 2004 to 2010, he served as Clinical Research Director, then Expert Scientist genomic biomarkers at Solvay Pharma. From 1999 to 2003, Philippe served as Director of Medical Research and Pharmaco-genomics at Genset SA. Prior to his career in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, he received his board certification in Hepatogastroenterology and served as Assistant in the Hepatogastroenterology department at Bichat Hospital (Paris, France). He received his PhD in Human Molecular Genetics at University Paris VII and served as Assistant in Molecular Biology at Bichat Hospital (Paris, France). Philippe has co-founded two Biotech companies, Chiasma Laboratories in 2004, and Eukarÿs SAS in 2010. Dr. Jais received his PhD. in human molecular genetics at the Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Institut Gustave Roussy, University Denis Diderot Paris VII and his MD, specialization in Hepato-Gastroenteroloy-Nutrition, at the University Denis Diderot Paris VII.


Luc Lebreton, PhD, R&D, Programs Director 

Dr. Lebreton joined AzurRx in June 2015 after serving as R&D Programs Director at Eyevensys from 2013-2015.  Previously he served as Therapeutic Area Leader in occular diseeases at Abbott (formerly Solvay Pharmaceuticals) from 2009-2013 and as the Global R&D Programs Director at Solvay Pharmaceuticals from 2007-2009.  From 2001-2007 he held several roles at Laboratoires Fournier including Research Program Manager, Chemistry Group Leader/Senior Medicinal Chemist, and Chemistry Lab Manager from 2001-2007.  Dr. Lebreton received his PhD in pharmaco-chemistry at the University of Paris VII.


Yves Leblond, PhD, Director of Research and Development

Dr. Leblond joins after serving as the R&D director for the development of pharmaceutical drug products at ProteaBio Europe since 2009. Yves has more than 25 years’ experience in multi-national pharmaceutical companies. From 2002 to 2009, he held the position of R&D director for LMS Laboratories. From 1991 until 2002, he was the head of the non-clinical drug safety department for the Fournier Group. From 1986 to 1991, he served as the head coordinator in the drug safety department for Synthelabo Group. From 1984 to 1986, Yves was the head of the preclinical department at Boerhinger Laboratories. Yves has expertise in pharmacology/toxicology and pharmacokinetic/metabolism in addition to multiple projects managed (more than 6 international products developed) in various therapeutic areas such as cardiovascular, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and gastro-intestinal diseases. Yves received his PhD. from University Paris XI.


Mathieu Schué, PhD, Head of Laboratory

Dr. Schué joins after serving as Project Leader for the development of a new therapeutic protein (AZX1101), to be associated with antibiotics, at ProteaBio Europe since 2009. He is also involved in the API aspects (cell banking, API production and characterization) of the MS1819 pharmaceutical development. Dr. Schué graduated first as a chemical engineer at “Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier” (ENSCM), Montpellier with specialization in biochemistry and molecular biology and then with a PhD in molecular microbiology at the University of Birmingham, UK. With three years of post-doctoral positions at “Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique” (CEA) at Cadarache, and CNRS, Marseille, he has gained solid expertise in biotechnology (recombinant protein expression and purification) and enzymology (molecular and structural characterizations). Dr. Schué received his Ph.D. in molecular microbiology at the University of Birmingham in the UK.


Raymond LowingPhD, Director of Regulatory Compliance

Dr. Lowing has more than 26 years experience in different posts within Pharmaceutical Quality and Compliance at Sanofi-Aventis. He has covered all areas of Quality Assurance in his career with responsibilities including Site GLP and GMP Head of Quality, Global GLP, GMP and GCP Quality Compliance Coordinator Research and Development, and Associate Vice President Quality and Compliance R&D GLP. Following his PhD in Biochemical Toxicology at Surrey University, Ray worked for the UK Government Health and Safety Executive as a Senior Scientist heading up pathology laboratories and performing safety evaluation on industrial compounds prior to Marketing Authorization. In 1982 Ray became the first Principal Inspector for GLP Compliance for the UK Government setting up and performing inspections for the UK Monitoring Authority and also with the EPA and FDA in establishing the UK-USA Mutual Acceptance of Data Agreement. Ray was part of the Global Expert team involved in the re-writing of the OECD GLP Regulations in 1997 and also part of the joint FDA–Industry team writing the second version of the DIA Red Apple Document on the Use of Computerized Systems in GLP. During his career Ray has published more than a dozen papers in scientific journals and given more than 30 presentations at different National and International Conferences. Dr. Lowing received his Ph.D. in biochemical toxicology at the University of Surrey in the UK.


Board of Directors

Ed Borkowski, Chairman and Director

Mr. Borkowski served as the Chief Financial Officer of ConvaTec Healthcare, CareFusion Corporation and Mylan, Inc. and in a variety of finance positions at Pharmacia, American Home Products, Cyanamid and at Arthur Andersen. Mr. Borkowski holds a Bachelor of Science in Economics and Political Science from Allegheny College and a Master in Business Administration in Finance and Accounting from Rutgers University.


Charles Casamento, Director

Mr. Casamento joined our board in March 2017. Since 2007 Mr. Casamento has been executive director and principal of The Sage Group, a health care advisory group. He was president and CEO of Osteologix from October 2004 until April 2007. Mr. Casamento was the founder of Questcor Pharmaceuticals where he was president, CEO and chairman. At Questcor he acquired Acthar, a product whose sales eventually exceeded $1.0 Billion. At RiboGene Inc. he was president, CEO and chairman and he was also co-founder, president and CEO of Indevus (formerly Interneuron Pharmaceuticals). He has held senior management positions at Genzyme Corporation, where he was Senior Vice President, American Hospital Supply, where he was Vice President of Business Development for the Critical Care division, Johnson & Johnson, Hoffmann-LaRoche and Sandoz. He holds a bachelor's degree in Pharmacy from Fordham University and an M.B.A. from Iona College. He currently sits on the Boards of Directors of International Stem Cell Corporation and Relmada Therapeutics.


Alastair Riddell, MD, PhD, Director

Dr. Alastair Riddell joined our  board of directors in September 2015. He is also currently Chairman of a private UK biotech, Nemesis Biosciences Ltd, Chairman of a UK AIM listed medical imaging company Feedback plc and Chairman of the South West Academic Health Science Network, which fosters links between the NHS, industry and universities. He is also on the board of directors of another US private company, Skyline Vet Pharma.   Dr. Riddell has over 30 years experience in the pharmaceutical, life science and biotech industries, 18 years as main board director. After 10 years directing phases 1-4 clinical trials of antibiotics, oncology and intensive care products for companies including Lederle (now Pfizer) and Centocor (now J&J), he spent 5 years managing sales and marketing for oncology and imaging products for Amersham International (now GE Healthcare). This led to 12 years as CEO for 3 UK biotech companies, Pharmagene, Paradigm Therapeutics and Stem Cell Sciences; in these roles he was the principal involved in significant fund raising including an IPO on UK’s main list and trade sales to Takeda in Japan and Stem Cells Inc. in the USA. He has since had several roles in UK government initiatives related to promoting cooperation between pharmaceutical companies and the NHS and assessing projects for funding with Innovate UK. He began his career as a medical doctor in a variety of hospital specialties and in general practice. He was recently awarded a Doctorate of Science, Honoris Causa by Aston University. 


Maged Shenouda, Director

Mr. Shenouda joined the Board of Directors in October 2015. He has over 25 years of experience in the pharmaceutical and securities industries. Most recently, Mr. Shenouda was the Head of Business Development and Licensing at Retrophin, Inc. Prior to that, he served as the Head of East Coast Operations at Blueprint Life Science Group, a strategic investor relations consultancy. Mr. Shenouda spent the bulk of his career as an equity analyst with senior level positions at Stifel Nicolaus, UBS and JP Morgan, covering a broad range of small and large cap biotechnology companies. Mr. Shenouda started his sell-side career with Citigroup and Bear Stearns where his coverage universe focused on U.S and European pharmaceutical companies. Before entering Wall Street, Mr. Shenouda was a management consultant with PricewaterhouseCoopers' Pharmaceutical Consulting practice and also spent time in pharmaceutical sales, having worked as a hospital representative and managed care specialist for Abbott Laboratories' Pharmaceutical Products Division. Mr. Shenouda earned a B.S. in pharmacy from St. John's University and is a registered pharmacist in New Jersey and California. He also received an M.B.A. from Rutgers University Graduate School of Management.


Thijs Spoor, Director

Mr. Spoor was previously President, Chief Executive Officer and a member of the board of directors of Fluoropharma Medical, Inc. from February 14, 2011 until December 31, 2015.  Mr. Spoor was the CFO for Sunstone BioSciences, a nanotechnology firm and as a strategy consultant at Oliver Wyman working with biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and health insurance companies. Mr. Spoor was an equity research analyst at J.P. Morgan and Credit Suisse covering the biotechnology and medical device industries. Prior to his career on Wall Street, Mr. Spoor worked in the pharmaceutical industry spending 11 years with Amersham /GE Healthcare where he worked in 7 countries in a variety of commercial and strategy roles.  Mr. Spoor holds a Pharmacy degree from the University of Toronto as well as an M.B.A. from Columbia University with concentrations in finance and accounting.